How Legal System in the U.S. works
The United States is known for having one of the greatest sophisticated judicial systems around the world. Each day a large number of people, which include law enforcement officers, judges, lawyers and government officials, take part in this system hoping to set disputes right and contributing toward justice. What makes this entire system even more astonishing is that it is able to function successfully in a country as diverse and large as the United States. One of the reasons for this success is a carefully balanced ordered hierarchy.
However, it is a fact that all of this is a bit more complicated than it seems and no system can work perfectly, but gaining the knowledge of how the legal system works may be quite useful in times when you ever need to defend yourself in court, file a law-suit, claim damages from the government or even pay a traffic ticket. In this article, we will go through what the different courts types in the U.S. do, how judges in this system are appointed and the basics of jury duty. Let us begin by taking a look at the necessary elements of the judicial system in the U.S.
The U.S. legal system is basically in part inherited from common English law and depends on an adversarial system of justice. In this adversarial system of justice, litigants often present their cases in front of a neutral party. The litigant presents his arguments and these arguments (usually represented by lawyers) are supposed to enable the judge or jury to decide the truth about the matter. Besides presenting arguments in written or oral form, testimony and evidence may also be collected by lawyers and litigants and presented before the court.
Many rules and laws exist regarding how testimony and evidence are to be presented, courtroom behavior, trial procedure and, etiquettes. These laws are specifically designed so that fairness could be promoted and an opportunity for each side to be allowed to adequately defend its case. The laws for Federal Courts are determined by committees that are composed of professors, judges and lawyers that are appointed by the Chief Justice of the country. The rules are sent to be approved by the Judicial Conference of the United States. These rules then become laws unless Congress votes to modify them or reject them altogether. On the other hand, state and local courts have their own procedural rules and committees that are at times adapted from federal courts rules. Many judges also tend to devise their own rules for guiding conduct in their own courtrooms.
A large number of legal disputes in the United States are decided upon in state courts, however federal courts also possess considerable power. Several of their rulings become precedent, or a principle, law or interpretation of a law established by a court ruling.
Court system in the United States is definitely complicated. Therefore, it is essential that in legal cases you must only choose the lawyer that is recommended by most people. When a friend tells you “he is one of the best lawyers in Denver”, consider acquiring their help straightaway.